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Offline JR

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EDITORIAL Gods favourite
« on: March 06, 2007, 01:58:48 AM »
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  • All ancient writers and poets in India were believers in God. They have described God in   various   ways.   Some have   gone   to the extent of saving   that the only best use of speech and pen is to praise God and sing about his   qualities.   One   of  the epithets of  God   is “Bhaktavatsala”   (fondler of the devotees).    The  'parents   are-supposed to fondel their children.     They are expected to be par¬tial towards their offsprings.    Similarly God is also partial towards his devotees.   In one saying God says that he is present wherever his devotees are singing about him. For his devotees God has taken a lot of pains.    He has taken the form of a messenger for some devotee    He has   helped a devotee like Janabai in grinding   the corn.    He has  come   to   the help of Gajendra, the elephant king, who was in the jaws of a crocodile. Similar instances can be quoted in any number from our mythology; but can we know why the God liked these devotees 1 Is there any test laid down by God for being his favourite ?
    In order to find out a reply to the above question, we have to refer to the twelfth canto of the Bhagawadgeeta. In this canto Lord Krishna explains Bhaktiyog  to   Arjuna.    fn   the   course   of the narration the Lord explains what   sort of   a person is liked by  him as follows .-

    The first criterion is that the person should not irritate others. In our daily life we constantly come in contact with a number of people. Our contact with our near relatives is very close; but there are many people against whom their relatives also complain bitterly   that they  do not know how to behave, with other people. Such people naturally irritate   the persons with  whom they come in contact.
    On    bus    stops,    on   stations,    in   railway    trains.   offices, cinema   theatres-and markets we   come in   contact with    various • types of people.   It we   are not composed and   cool-headed, then I we are bound to irritate others.    We often   see   the quarrels   that 'such persons   who cannot keep their heads cool,   are   picking   up with others. The case of the persons who are leaders of  a group  or a nation is slightly different.    People at various levels have got some work or the other with them.    The benefit, of course, is reaped by the visitors.    They almost   encircle   him   all the time; but in spite of that the leader cannot afford   to   displease   them.    He has got to give a patient hearing to all of them.    If on the other hand be gets upset very often and thus annoys or vexes the people, who come to him, then his leadership will start dwindling.   Lord Krishna, who was himself a leader of the cowherds and had enough experience of leadership, therefore lays   down   this as   the second criterion of his favourite that he   should under   no   circumstances get annoyed or vexed   by   other   people   who   might come   in his contact.

    For becoming God's favourite, only  the aforesaid -two quali¬ties are not enough.    Lord Krishna   has laid down further that he who wants to become his favourite, should not be ruffled by mirth, anger and fear  -The human mind is like an ocean.   Even the slight-test breeze gives rise to ripples   on the sea,   similarly   feelings   of j joy, anger or fear are bound to affect the   minds of all   ordinary human beings.    These emotions are therefore, bound to ruffle the the people, but a man with   a  balanced mind and steady intellect remains composed and does not allow   himself  to   fall a prey to these emotional outbursts and he is therefore,   dear to God.

    It will thus be seen that though everyone wants to become a favourite of the god, the way that leads to that goal is full of obstacles. It is not only uneven and full of ups and downs, but it is also full of many dangerous spots. Only a person! with full control over his organs and senses can therefore try to travel on this path. It therefore appears that before trying to follow this path we have to practise Yoya and get perfect control over ourselves, both bodily and mentally.

    The main aim of Lord Krishna was to drive out the doubt and fear in the mind of Arjuna. For that purpose he has advised Arjuna in various ways. In the second canto, he has '.described Sthitapradna while describing the Sankhyayog. This person is described as a man with stable intellect. He is described as a person who has no longing for pleasure and joy. He has been depicted as a person with full control over his organs and senses (2/56 ).

    In the third canto Lord Krishna explains Karmayog to Arjuna. While explaining the proper way of doing our actions in this world, Lord Krishna explains that nobody ever remains in this world for even a moment without doing something (3/5) and adds later on that the person who controls his organs by his mind and does all the actions without keeping an eye over the fruit is a person who can be called a Karmayogi (3/7). So here also under the garb of explaining Karmayoga the control over the sense organs has been emphasised.

    In the fourth canto Karmabrahmarpanayog    has   been   explained by   Lord   Krishna.    In   this   canto the Lord explains that those, who   have   discarded    attachment,   fear   and anger and have taken   recourse to   him   have   become   one   with him.   (4/10) Later on in   the   same   canto   while   explaining   the ; behaviour of a learned person, Lord Krishna states that he does all the deeds without   expecting any fruit therefrom   and  ; therefore, all his actions are purified by the fire in  the   form   of the knowledge of the self.   (4/19)

    The fifth canto of the Bhagawadgeeta is dedicated to the Karmasanyasayog. In the beginning Lord Krishna states that karmasanyas and karmayoga both to Moksha and adds that out of these two ‘Karmayoga’ is superior to ‘Karmasanyasi’ (5/2). As in the fourth canto, the Lord again tries to define the ‘pandit’ as a person with stable intellect who looks with the same kind of gaze on a learned Brahmin, a cow, an elephant, a dog and a Chandala 5/18). so we will find that the stable intellect and an impartial sight is stressed by Lord Krishna constantly in the Bhagawadgeeta.

    In the sixth canto, while explaining the ‘Abhyasayog’, Lord Krishna states that unless a person discards all his attachments, he cannot become a real ‘Karmayogi’ (6/2)- He further states that when a Yogi gets full control over his mind, he has a quite neutral outlook on such duels as hot and cold, pleasure and sorrow and honour and dishonour. (6/7)

    It will thus be seen that in the five cantoes from the second to the sixth, Lord Krishna has under different names referred again and again to the person of the same temperament. The person referred to is one who has full control on his organs and senses and who is neutral to all the emotions, so very common to the living beings. In the nineth and the twelfth cantoes, Lord Krishna has explained the bent of mind of a devotee  and in the fifteenth canto, he has explained the ideal man but still we find that nothing new has been told by Lord Krishna in the twelve cantos from the seventh to the eighteenth. He has more or less commented further on his earlier philosophy or explained the same further in these cantoes. Because of these facts some scholars and ardent students of the Bhagawadgeeta have propounded the theory that the original Bhagawadgeeta must have been only of six cantoes. It might have been expanded later on up to eighteen cantoes by repeating or reorganising the philosphy explained in the earlier cantoes of the Geeta. Anyway we may accept or reject the above theory; but we have to accept this fact that in the opinion of Lord Krishna the ideal person has   got to have full control over his organs and senses and he has got to be neutral towards all the emotions which   baffle the   human   beings and cause various storms in their minds.    Though   Lord   Krishna has   given   various   names   as ‘Karmayogi’ ‘Pandit’ ‘Uttampursh’ ‘Sanyasi’ or ‘Bhakta’   to such persons, the qualities   that   we   see   in  him  are more on less the same.    This was, therefore, the person liked by Lord Krishna. God's favourite was   therefore, a person   who-had   I all the qualities explained above. •-

    When we start looking on the life of Shri Sai Baba, we first of all note that he never    called   himself a   god.' Some devotees, however, consider him to be god himself; but the very fact that he often said “Allah Malik” show that he never considered himself to be the god.    Next if we look to   his   behaviour   in his   life we find that he, of his own accord never vexed   others.    The people that came in his contact never got annoyed by his company.    The flow of visitors to Shirdi was perennial.   Some visitors   only came for mere darshan of Shri Sai Baba; but most of them   came with an idea of getting some relief from some personal   ailment   or   from some family troubles.    However Baba remained  composed and he dealt with   all   of them quite   sympathetically.   As explained   by Lord Krishna   in the shloka quoted   earlier in   this article,   Baba never annoyed the persons that came to him, neither he got anno¬yed with anyone among them.    The other   qualities of a devotee viz. not being ruffled by mirth, anger or fear were also present in him.    From some incidents in his   life, people   may think that he was irritable and used to   fall   a   prey  to  anger;   but   it is not correct.   It was only in the cases of certain persons who came to him   with a   suspicious   mind or   with  slippery faith  -that  Shri Sai Baba showed apparent anger;    but it   was  not   the   emotion which we show in our daily life   for   insignificant   things,   which results in permanent enmity for the whole of the   life.    The appa¬rent anger was   meant   only  for   the   correction   of   the   person approaching him.

    Moksha and god are the ideals of human life and   for that purpose every one likes to be   a   favourite   of  the   God;   but as explained above it is not very   easy   to   become a favorite of the God.    For becoming his   favourite   some   acid   tests   have   been prescribed by him; but the devotees of   Shri Sai   Baba   will   pass those tests very   easily,   if   they   follow   Shri   Baba's   foot   steps closely.    Would you    then not like to walk briskly   on   that path Ihich leads you to become a god's favourite ?
    सबका मालिक एक - Sabka Malik Ek

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