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Offline fatima

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Re: Tips for Pregnant Women
« Reply #30 on: February 28, 2008, 03:38:14 AM »
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  • What To Start Teaching Your Baby After Birth

    With you or without you, your baby will be learning from the moment she is born and starts to take in her new surroundings. Every sight and sound will be a part of her learning process; she will observe everything you do and listen to every word you say. And as the months pass, she will eventually start to copy.

    Fully conscious teaching, with books and other articles of learning, will come much later on; but of course, it is entirely up to you. With our baby daughter, Saffron, I started reading her a bed time story at about six months old. She could not understand fully, but it gave her exposure to books, and the comfort of a bed time routine, with my voice and sounds, and the pictures in the book. It did not matter that every evening it was Goldilocks and the Three Bears, or one of the other old favourites in the book. Here in the Philippines there are not many books of children's stories in the stores.

    Repetition does not matter, in fact it is part of the comfort for the baby. That routine helped to ensure that she slept contented every night, and has only woken once since. That was recently when she seems to have had a bad dream. A quick cuddle, and she was back to sleep again.

    One thing to always bear in mind is that your baby, whatever age, will know and understand far more than you think. All the while, when she is not talking, she will be picking up words and their meanings. Those words will eventually come out verbally, even if they don't sound quite right to begin with.

    Personally, I think it is important to speak to a baby in a normal, adult like way and never limit your speech to what you think she knows. A bright child especially will take in just about everything you say when they are past 6 months, and remember it longer than you would expect. One day they will surprise you, and follow your instruction over something you had no idea they could understand.

    From a very early age, it is best to "explain while you talk while you do". If you are feeding her potato, tell her it is potato; if you are preparing a bottle of milk, tell her you are making her milk. Every time you do something in front of her, it is an opportunity to teach her about what is happening around her. By doing so you will speed her knowledge and understanding, expose her more to language, and also help to build your relationship with her. By conversing with her all the time, you are showing her respect as an individual, and that will help her confidence and feeling of belonging. If you treat her as dumb, she will be dumb.

    There is no need to force a baby to learn anything. To be effective and useful, it needs to be done in a natural and relaxed way. Saffron is now 20 months, and for many months now she has been the one to decide what she wants to do at bedtime: a story, nursery rhymes, her new teaching cards. Respect her choice, and you help her mature as a child; but let it be known it is her bed time. If her demand is to get up and play again, then you need to be firm, or you will stack up problems for later. You should be the boss, but she should be able to make a reasonable choice.

    All learning should be pressure free, and fun for the baby. If she wants to learn alone, let her. If she wants your help, help her. Teaching your baby can be a wonderfully rewarding experience. You will probably find she will, in a way, teach you what she wants to learn about. If you stimulate her mind, and she is observant, she will be pointing out things from a very young age. It is important for you to participate with her. If she points at the moon and gets excited, explain to her what it is; if she points to a bird, do the same.

    Babies learn an enormous amount in a short time. By conversing with them in a normal way, they will understand simple instructions before you know it. But they do make simple associations and follow those instructions literally. At about 15 months, Saffron often left a bit of her food at meal times and I would finish it for her. After this went on a few weeks, I remarked that I was her garbage bin. A few weeks more passed, and she had finished eating an apple one day, and offered her mum the core. Her mum said: "Put it in the garbage." Saffron went toddling off, not to the garbage bin, but to me. I was the garbage bin to her, because that is what I had "taught" her a few weeks earlier.

    That brought lots of laughs, but when she was corrected the revised knowledge stuck, and now in the same situation she wanders off to find the real garbage bin.

    Teaching your baby is a daily and ongoing activity, but one that can just be melded in with your normal activities. It's a fun time for both of you, so enjoy it while you can.
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women
    « Reply #31 on: February 28, 2008, 03:42:25 AM »
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  • Raising Twins

    A daunting task

    When a couple is told that they are expecting twins, it is not surprising if they feel a little ambivalent. Everyone knows that looking after one baby is a full time job, but two at the same time can be truly daunting. 

    What if the twins don't feel hungry or sleepy at the same time? What if every time one of them starts to cry, it sets the other one off? But as every parent will tell you, it's all worth it in the end. Twins may be double the trouble, but they are also double the joy. 


    Telling them apart

    After the delivery, mothers are bemused when they are confronted with two babies that they have to give their attention to. If they are identical, there is the added problem of trying to distinguish between them. People will tell you that mothers "just know" which is which, but in reality parents of twins will tell you that they sometimes get confused even after the twins have grown up. It may take more time than usual for a mother to 'bond' with her twins, but it will happen. If you have identical twins and you're finding it difficult to 'spot the difference', try to dress them in different colours or paint one of their toenails or even sew on name tags on their clothes to identify them. As they grow older, physical differences will appear that will help you tell them apart.

    The early days


    When you take the twins home from the hospital, mentally prepare yourself that it is going to be hard. You will need to make a list of priorities. The babies' needs should head the list, including feeding, bathing, sleeping, and cuddling. 

    Resting whenever you get the opportunity is also imperative. Force yourself to sleep or rest when your babies fall asleep, because this is probably the only time you're going to get. This is not the time to catch up on your backlog of chores. You should even consider putting the phone off the hook. 

    Be clear about one thing. You are going to need help. This is not something you can do alone. Get your mother or mother-in-law to stay with you and help out with the baby till you find your feet. Hire help if you can afford it. It goes without saying that husbands will have to pitch in too, otherwise it's going to be very difficult to cope. Don't be diffident about asking for help. You don't need to ask people to change dirty diapers or feed the baby. Even if they bring food over from time to time it will be a relief because you probably won't have the time to do anything more than the most rudimentary cooking. 

    Fatigue and depression are common in the first few months. Lack of sleep is a common complaint and as a result tempers are short. If the twins are your first-borns, you can expect some rough patches as you and your spouse attempt to adjust to your new roles as parents. It can be tough on a marriage so both you and your spouse have to try to spend some time alone together. 

    Mothers often find that it is easier to breastfeed than bottlefeed twins. The advantage of breast milk is that it increases the babies' immunity to infection and it is more convenient as it comes 'premixed' and in its own container! It will be hard at first, but once you get the hang of it, you can probably even feed them simultaneously. Some mothers can even breastfeed in their sleep. This is something that would just not be possible if you were bottlefeeding. Mothers who are worried that they will not produce enough milk should ensure that they drink enough fluids and eat a proper diet. As long as your doctor feels that the babies' weight gain is adequate, it means that you're on the right track. 


    Encouraging individuality]

    Just because your babies are born at the same time or look alike, does not mean that they are not individuals in their own right. It may be amusing to dress them up alike and that people cannot tell one from the other, but remember that they are two separate beings and treat them as such from day one. Avoid referring to them as "the twins" and use their given names. Be sure to take photographs of each child separately because at some point he or she will ask for a photograph of "me." Write the child's name on the back of his/her picture so that there is no confusion in later years.

    It is important to encourage individuality. As the children become older, try choosing different toys and encourage sharing. Build a special one-to-one relationship with each child. Look for special talents and praise them often. Twins usually have a special bond between them. Try to rear them as individuals without destroying their special bond. 

    Each twin should be encouraged to have his or her own friend's circle and to do separate activities with his or her own friends. Some people feel that it is a good idea to put twins in different classes when they go to school to prevent them from becoming too clingy and to foster independence. But this cannot be applied as a general rule. Parents of twins will have to take this decision based on the personalities and wishes of their set of twins.
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women
    « Reply #32 on: February 29, 2008, 03:48:16 AM »
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  • Baby’s Headgear - Protecting Baby's Dome With Hats, Bonnets and Caps

    As an adult, almost bald caucasian now living in the tropics, I can assure you that having a sun burnt scalp is not a pleasant experience. For a baby, I am sure it would be worse, so if you live in a warm climate, or are preparing for summer in a cooler climate, your baby's headgear is very important for her protection. Remember, a baby's skin is more sensitive than a grown child or adult.

    Choosing head gear for babies can be quite fun, especially as they get a little bit older. There are quite a few styles of baby's hats, caps, and bonnets from which parents can make their choice. From the simple cotton cap that the baby wears while in the hospital, to the most stylish bonnet or quaint little ball cap, which is a popular item with parents, especially fathers, all over the US As with any other item of baby clothing, infant headwear can be found anywhere that baby clothing is sold. Hats, caps, and bonnets for babies may be purchased by themselves, but also they often come with matching outfits, and these can look especially cute. You will find them for boys, girls, plus in unisex, or gender indifferent, styles


    Caps For Babies

    Babies’ caps can look much better on babies than the equivalent do on grown men and women. Styles of these range from simple knit or cotton pull-down caps (similar to snow caps or ski caps) to caps designed like baseball caps, but with a far smaller bill, and there are also sailor’s caps available. These are found in styles for both boys and girls, plus unisex designs. However, they are often favoured by parents of baby boys.

    Baby Bonnets

    The bonnet has been associated with babies for as long as most of us can remember. In fact, you would be hard pressed to find anyone who has not been an infant wearing a bonnet of some kind. Baby bonnets cover the entire head, so do offer maximum protection, and they are usually tied underneath the chin, or are held on with an elastic band. While the protection the bonnets offer is good, the fastening device can make them uncomfortable for the baby.

    Some of the newer bonnets are held in place with elastic that encircles the front of the bonnet, and these seem like they may be more comfortable. Like caps, bonnets are designed for both sexes and in unisex styles, but due to the generally effeminate appearance of the bonnet itself, they are generally favoured by parents of girls.



    Baby Hats


    Baby hats come in nearly as many styles as the hats for adults. Usually worn for show as part of an outfit rather than for practicality, they can be designed like top hats, cowboy hats, and even captain’s hats, along with any other style imaginable. They are designed for boys and girls, but there aren’t many styles that can be considered to be unisex. These are far less common than the other types of designs in infant headwear.
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women
    « Reply #33 on: February 29, 2008, 03:52:07 AM »
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  • Exercise for Weight Loss After a Twin Pregnancy

    Having twins means double the joy and happiness, double the love, and unfortunately in many cases, double the weight. The statistics are there, women who were pregnant with multiples do in fact gain more weight, but this doesn't mean you have to be miserable until the twins are off to kindergarten, blaming the pregnancy for the excess weight years later.

    For successful weight loss after a twin pregnancy, not only do you have the task of losing the pounds, but also trying to get your muscles and skin toned and back into shape. While eating the right foods is extremely important for getting rid of that extra pregnancy weight, so is exercise as it's possible to lose weight, but still have a lack of muscle tone, which usually gives the appearance of extra pounds.

    Easy Exercises for Weight Loss After a Twin Pregnancy

    Before beginning any type of exercise or weight loss program, particularly after a physically stressful event such as giving birth to twins, it's always a good idea to consult with your doctor first. This is especially true because in the months following pregnancy, muscles and joints may be more prone to injury than normal due to the increase of the hormone relaxin. The influx of this hormone remains in the blood for several weeks to as long as two months following childbirth, leaving women susceptible to injuring their joints.

    Also, with any type of exercise, be watchful of signs and symptoms such as excessive bleeding, fatigue, shortness of breath, and painful muscle aches that don't feel any better within a day or two.

    In addition to doing side lunges, or lunges while walking, crunches can be helpful for tightening the abdominal muscles, if you didn't have a caesarean section, of course. Lying on your back with your knees bent and feet completely flat on the floor, place just your fingertips behind the head, without touching the hands together, and keep your elbows wide and open. Contract your abdominal muscles, causing the center of your back to touch the floor, while lifting your head and neck as well as the shoulder blades off the floor, as your chest reaches toward your hip area.

    Lower back to the floor, and repeat the process 10 times, increasing the number of repetitions as your strength and endurance grow.

    Strength training and cardio workouts can involve many different exercises, including abdominal crunches, lunges, and working out with dumbbells and ankle weights. Add yoga, tai chi, or Pilates to the mix and you'll not only keep yourself from getting bored, but also be sure you're working different muscle groups as well as increasing your lung function and improving your heart rate at the same time.

    While exercising, breathe in deeply through the nose, and exhale through the mouth. Remember to stay well hydrated throughout the day, not only while you're working out, to avoid becoming dehydrated, which, of course, is imperative if you're breastfeeding. Also, always warm up first before exercising, doing stretches for about 10 to 15 minutes, and then complete your workout with a "cool down" period, also stretching the muscles to protect them from injury.

    Since you now have not one, but two beautiful babies to look after, exercising regularly will help to keep both your energy level and your mental capacity where they'll need to be, on high alert.
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women
    « Reply #34 on: March 01, 2008, 01:45:57 AM »
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  • Reasons For Making Your Own Baby Food

    Most of the foods that we buy today are processed. When buying foods that are processed then you are missing out on important nutrients that your body needs. In order to ensure that your baby doesn't miss out on these essential nutrients, you may want to consider creating your own baby food when your baby is ready to start eating solid food.

    When creating baby food that is homemade the ingredients are fresh. The fresh vegetables and fruits that use in your homemade baby food will contain the natural sugars without any preservatives. If you have the skill to grow things and have the time then this can be even more fun and healthy for your baby. With the use of a food mill or food processor you can puree the ingredients to the right texture for your baby's eating stage. Preparing your own baby food at home helps to ensure that the ingredients that you use are fresh and healthy for your baby.

    Sugar and asalt re additives used in traditional baby food to help preserve the shelf life of the item. By making these baby foods at home you are not allowing these additives to enter into your baby's body. When making baby food from home you want to freeze the food to avoid any food from spoiling. Making enough baby food to last for two weeks at a time can be a good amount of food to prepare at one time.

    Cost is another reason to create your own baby food at home. It is cheaper to make your own baby food. By the time you pay for all of those cheap jars of baby food, you can double the amount of food for less money by buying the ingredients and preparing the food yourself.

    At first buying a food processor may seem costly, but will pay for itself in the long run by saving the money that you would have spent on the jars of baby food. The food processor can also be used for other family recipes as well, which makes it a good part of your kitchen arsenal.

    The variety of homemade baby food has wider range than jarred baby food. You can create baby food out of almost anything that you can puree. This allow you to introduce new foods and creations for your baby. You can try different fruits and vegetables. Something that you don't like might be something that your baby does, so try experimenting. By starting your baby on foods that you know are healthy for them will allow them to enter into a healthy lifestyle as a young child that will carry over into later years.

    Creating homemade baby food may sound hard, but is actually quite easy and is less costly than traditional jars of baby food. In creating your own baby food you can store it in single serving container for several months at a time. If you are conscious about what nutrients or additive go into your child's body, then you should consider making baby food from home. It may just be the best thing you ever do for your child.
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women
    « Reply #35 on: March 01, 2008, 01:52:23 AM »
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  • Unsafe exercise during pregancy

    Pregnancy changes your body in many ways. Some of these changes can affect the way you exercise.

    Throughout pregnancy, the hormone progesterone causes many of your ligaments and joints to soften and loosen in preparation for labour. Joint injuries and ligament damage may therefore result from exercise that involves jerking actions and sudden movement, for example tennis, squash and jogging. The risk of back injuries associated with weight training or rowing is also increased.

    During the later months, your belly gets bigger and your balance may not be so good, so falls become more likely when you do any exercise that requires balance.

    Most experts think that the following activities should be avoided during pregnancy because of the high risk of falls or direct damage to you or your baby:

    Mountaineering, rock climbing
    High diving, scuba diving
    Downhill skiing, water skiing, water slides
    Trampolining, gymnastics
    Anaerobic exercise such as sprinting
    Contact sports, competitive team sports

    The use of saunas, steam baths and hot tubs may also cause over-heating. There is some evidence that over-heating during pregnancy may cause damage to the baby's developing nervous system. ("Overheating" does not mean simply getting a bit hot and bothered in the summer; or enjoying a warm bath in the winter; it means getting so hot that your core temperature rises and even the amniotic fluid in which your baby floats starts heating up. This is only likely to happen if you exercise for long periods in the hot sun without rest breaks and extra fluids – or if your body cannot lose heat by sweating effectively, as in a sauna or hot tub.) Read more about exercising during pregnancy:
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women
    « Reply #36 on: May 24, 2008, 04:11:01 AM »
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  • CHICAGO (Reuters) - Women who are stressed about money, relationships and other problems during pregnancy may give birth to babies who are predisposed to allergies and asthma, U.S. researchers said on Sunday.

    The findings, presented at a meeting of the American Thoracic Society in Toronto, suggest a mother's stress during pregnancy may have lasting consequences for her child.

    "This research adds to a growing body of evidence that links maternal stress such as that precipitated by financial problems or relationship issues to changes in children's developing immune systems, even during pregnancy," Dr. Rosalind Wright of Harvard Medical School in Boston said in a statement.

    Wright and colleagues found mothers who were the most distressed during pregnancy were most likely to give birth to infants with higher levels of immunoglobulin E or IgE -- an immune system compound -- even though their mothers had only mild exposure to allergens during pregnancy.

    Studies in animals have found that a mother's stress amplifies the effects of allergen exposure on the immune system of the developing offspring. The Harvard team set out to see if they could find the same in humans.

    They measured levels of IgE from the umbilical cord blood of 387 newborns in Boston.

    Babies whose mothers were the most stressed out -- but who had low exposure to dust mites in the home -- still had high levels of IgE in their cord blood, a finding that suggests that stress increased the immune response to dust exposure.

    This was true irrespective of the mother's race, class, education or smoking history.

    STRESS AS 'SOCIAL POLLUTANT'

    "This further supports the notion that stress can be thought of as a social pollutant that, when 'breathed' into the body, may influence the body's immune response," Wright said in a statement.

    The study patterns recent findings in children who have undergone stress by Dr. Andrea Danese of the University of London. Researchers there followed 1,000 people in New Zealand from birth to the age of 32.

    They found children who had undergone maltreatment -- such as maternal rejection, harsh discipline and sexual abuse -- had twice the levels of inflammation in their blood even 20 years later.

    High levels of inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein, fibrinogen and immune cells increase a person's risk of heart disease and diabetes.

    "Stress in childhood may modify developmental trajectories and have a long-term effect on disease risk," said Danese, who presented his findings last week at a conference in Chicago on how early influences affect health and well-being.

    Danese said maltreatment in childhood may impair the ability of glucocorticoids -- hormones that inhibit inflammation -- to respond to stress later in life, which could lead to depression and other psychiatric ills.

    He said children who have survived maltreatment should get an early start on preventive care for common adult diseases.
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women
    « Reply #37 on: May 28, 2008, 08:02:49 AM »
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  • Tips for pregnant mothers

    As your tummy grows, the centre of gravity shifts within you. Losing balance is very common. Don't try climbing chairs and ladders. If it is absolutely necessary, get someone to do it for you.

    Avoid high-heeled flimsy footwear. Opt for comfortable low-heeled sandals.

    Make sure your home is well lit. Bad lighting can cause you to stumble and fall.

    Good nutrition is imperative for a healthy baby. Ensure you take your daily quota of proteins, vitamins, minerals, calcium and folic acid.

    Stress can ruin your pregnancy and affect your baby adversely. Remain positive and upbeat.

    If something is worrying you, talk about it and settle the issue. Don't brood on it.

    Lack of sleep could make you testy. Nine hours sleep a day should keep you healthy.

    Exercise is important to keep healthy. However, it is not advisable to workout in the gym or play strenuous games. Walking is the best form of exercise during this time of your life.

    Increase your intake of fluids significantly. Consume at least two quarts of fluids a day. Milk, fruits, juices, soups, etc., are all good sources of vital fluids.

    Take care of your back. Don't strain it or hurt it in anyway. Back problems tend to linger for a long time.
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women(Are you having a tough time conceiving
    « Reply #38 on: May 28, 2008, 08:04:29 AM »
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  • As you reach the wrong side of 30, your chances of conceiving for the first time could be a problem. However, it may not be just your problem. It could be with your husband, too. Generally, though men usually remain fertile well beyond the 40s, it would be better for both of you to seek the help of a genealogist. In all probability the doctor would recommend a semen analysis to check if your husband's sperms are healthy. As nearly 40 percent of all cases of infertility arise from male factors, you should check it out with this easy semen test. All it involves is collecting an ejaculate after refraining from intercourse for two days and then taking the ejaculate to a lab.

    Then the next step would be to check your own fertility status. Your doctor would recommend a blood test to measure your follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) level on the third day of your period. If the FSH level is lower than 20, then probably you have a reasonable number of eggs left in the ovaries.

    An ovulation is the most common reason for the inability to conceive in women who are in their 40s. There are safe medications available to help women ovulate better. The only major drawback of these ovulation enhancers is the risk of multiple gestations (the vast majority of which are twins), which occur 6 percent of the time when using a drug.

    Even if the ovarian reserve is poor and it appears that the ovary cannot respond well to ovulation stimulants, there is always the possibility of using donor eggs. Healthy women in their 40s could obtain a donor egg from a younger woman, use sperm from their own husbands and then carry the pregnancy. But you may not be comfortable making that decision.

    Therefore, it would be better to make an appointment with a gynaecologist who will take care of the infertility problems. But it should be done soon, rather than just waiting several more years, because, in this case, time is very important.
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women---------Asthma during pregnancy
    « Reply #39 on: June 03, 2008, 04:17:39 AM »
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  • Asthma is a fairly common health problem for pregnant women, including some women who have never had it before. During pregnancy, asthma not only affects you, but it can also cut back on the oxygen your fetus gets from you. But this does not mean that having asthma will make your pregnancy more difficult or dangerous to you or your fetus. Pregnant women with asthma that is properly controlled generally have a normal pregnancy with little or no increased risk to themselves or their fetus.


    Related Articles
    Asthma in Teens and Adults
    Inhaled corticosteroids for long-term control of asthma
    » More causes Articles

    Most asthma treatments are safe to use when you are pregnant. After years of research, experts now say that it is far safer to manage your asthma with medication than it is to leave asthma untreated during pregnancy. Talk to your health professional about the safest treatment for you.

    Risks of uncontrolled asthma to pregnant women
    If you have not previously had asthma, you may not think that shortness of breath or wheezing during your pregnancy is asthma. If you know you have asthma, you may not consider it a concern if you only have mild symptoms. But asthma can affect you and your fetus, and you should act accordingly.

    If your asthma is not controlled, risks to your health include:1

    High blood pressure during the pregnancy.
    Preeclampsia, a condition that causes high blood pressure and can affect the placenta, kidneys, liver, and brain.
    More than normal vomiting early in pregnancy (hyperemesis gravidarum).
    Labor that does not occur naturally (your health professional starts it) and may be complicated.
    Risks to the fetus include:1

    Death immediately before or after birth (perinatal mortality).
    Abnormally slow growth of the fetus (intrauterine growth retardation). When born, the baby appears small.
    Birth before the 37th week of pregnancy (preterm birth).
    Low birth weight.
    The more control you have over your asthma, the less risk there is.

    Asthma treatment and pregnancy
    Pregnant women manage asthma the same way nonpregnant women do. Like all people with asthma, pregnant women should have treatment and action plans to control inflammation and prevent and control asthma attacks. Part of a pregnant woman's action plan should also include recording fetal movements. You can do this by noting whether fetal kicks decrease over time. If you notice less fetal activity during an asthma attack, contact your health professional or emergency help immediately to receive instructions.

    Considerations for treatment of asthma in pregnant women include the following:

    If more than one health professional is involved in the pregnancy and asthma care, they must communicate with each other about treatment. The obstetrician must be involved with asthma care.2
    Monitor lung function carefully throughout your pregnancy to ensure that your growing fetus gets enough oxygen. Because asthma severity changes for about two-thirds of women during pregnancy, you should have monthly checkups with your health professional to monitor your symptoms and lung function.2 Your health professional will use either spirometry or a peak flow meter to measure your lung function.
    Monitor fetal movements daily after 28 weeks.
    Consider ultrasounds after 32 weeks to monitor fetal growth if your asthma is not well controlled or if you have moderate or severe asthma.2 Ultrasound exams can also help your health professional check on the fetus after an asthma attack.
    Try to do more to avoid and control asthma triggers (such as tobacco smoke or dust mites), so that you can take less medication if possible. Many women have nasal symptoms, and there may be a link between increased nasal symptoms and asthma attacks. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which is common in pregnancy, may also cause symptoms.
    It is important that you have extra protection against influenza. Be sure to get the influenza vaccine before the flu season starts—sometime from October to mid-November—whether you are in your first, second, or third trimester at the time.3 The flu vaccine is effective for one season. The flu vaccine is safe in pregnancy and is recommended for all pregnant women.
    Asthma and allergies
    Many women also have allergies, such as allergic rhinitis, along with asthma. Treating allergies is an important part of asthma management.

    Inhaled corticosteroids at recommended doses are effective and can be used by pregnant women.
    The antihistamines loratadine or cetirizine are recommended.
    If you are already taking allergy shots, you may continue getting them, but starting allergy shots during pregnancy is not recommended.
    Talk to your health professional about using decongestants you take by mouth (oral decongestants). There may be better treatment options.
    Asthma medications and pregnancy
    A review of the animal and human studies on the effects of asthma medications taken during pregnancy found few risks to the woman or her fetus. It is safer for a pregnant woman with asthma to be treated with asthma medications than for her to have asthma symptoms and asthma attacks.2 Poor control of asthma is a greater risk to the fetus than asthma medications are.2 Budesonide is labeled by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as the safest inhaled corticosteroid to use during pregnancy. One study found that low-dose inhaled budesonide in pregnant women seemed to be safe for the mother and the fetus.4

    The following are recommendations from the U.S. National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) for using asthma medications during pregnancy.2

    Recommendations for using asthma medicine during pregnancy  Severity Daily medicines needed to maintain long-term control
    Severe persistent
     Preferred:

    High-dose inhaled corticosteroid, preferably budesonide AND
    Long-acting inhaled beta2-agonist (such as salmeterol or formoterol) OR
    A combination medication that contains both a high-dose corticosteroid and a long acting beta2-agonist (such as Advair Diskus) AND IF NEEDED
    Corticosteroid tablets or syrup long-term (2 mg/kg/day, generally do not exceed 60 mg/day). (Make repeated attempts to reduce tablets or syrup, and maintain control with high-dose inhaled corticosteroids.) Treatment by a specialist is recommended if you are using oral corticosteroids long-term.
    Alternative:

    High-dose inhaled corticosteroids, preferably budesonide AND
    Sustained-release theophylline to a serum concentration of 5 to 12 mcg/mL
     
    Moderate persistent
     Preferred:

    EITHER low-dose inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting inhaled beta2-agonists OR
    Medium-dose inhaled corticosteroid
    IF NEEDED in women with recurring severe attacks, medium-dose inhaled corticosteroid and long-acting inhaled beta2-agonist
    Alternative:

    Low-dose inhaled corticosteroid and either a leukotriene modifier (also called leukotriene receptor antagonist) or theophylline (a methylxanthine)
    Medium-dose inhaled corticosteroid and either a leukotriene modifier or theophylline, if needed
     
    Mild persistent
     Preferred:

    Low-dose inhaled corticosteroid, preferably budesonide
    Alternative:

    Cromolyn (mast cell stabilizer) or a leukotriene modifier OR
    Sustained-release theophylline to a serum concentration of 5 to 12 mcg/mL
     
    Mild intermittent
     No daily medication needed
    Short-acting bronchodilator for relief of symptoms that come and go: 2 to 4 puffs short-acting inhaled beta2-agonists as needed for symptoms. Albuterol is the preferred medication. If you are using albuterol more than 2 days in each week, see your health professional for treatment of mild persistent asthma.
    Severe episodes may occur, separated by long periods of normal lung function and no symptoms. A course of corticosteroid tablets, syrup, or injection is recommended for severe episodes.
     
    Quick relief: All patients
     Short-acting bronchodilator: 2 to 4 puffs short-acting inhaled beta2-agonist as needed for symptoms. Albuterol is the preferred medication.
    Intensity of treatment will depend on severity of attack; up to 3 treatments at 20-minute intervals or a single nebulizer treatment as needed. Course of corticosteroid tablets, syrup, or injection may be needed.
    Use of short-acting beta2-agonists more than 2 times a week (except for exercise) or more than 1 canister in 3 months may indicate the need to start (or increase) long-term control therapy.
     

    Never stop taking or reduce your medications without talking to your health professional. You might have to wait until your pregnancy is over to make changes in your medication.

    Drugs or drug classes with potential risk to the fetus include brompheniramine, epinephrine, and alpha-adrenergic compounds (other than pseudoephedrine), decongestants (other than pseudoephedrine), antibiotics (tetracycline, sulfonamides, ciprofloxacin), live virus vaccines, immunotherapy (initiation or increase in doses), and iodides. Always talk to your health professional before using any medication when you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant.
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline duddu

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women
    « Reply #40 on: June 20, 2008, 02:46:14 AM »
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  • thank youuuuuu

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women------------------Pregnancy&Soft Skin
    « Reply #41 on: June 27, 2008, 03:29:18 AM »
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  • Most women dread the idea of getting pregnant only because they fear it would wreak havoc on their skin. All those stretch marks they keep hearing about from friends – they feel it is enough to forget about having babies! But things are not so bleak if you take good care of yourself from the time you discover that you are pregnant.

    Make skin care a part of your daily routine, more so when you are pregnant. Remember that stretch marks affect most women – the skin that is stretched when you are pregnant tends to leave scars after the baby comes out. So begin your skin care regimen from day one – and reap the benefits.

    There are plenty of products flooding the market for pregnant women. Cocoa butter is one such lotion that is said to help skin to retain its natural elasticity and moisture. Massage this regularly on your stomach and other stretch areas for maximum benefit.

    Never forget your daily moisturizer. It helps in keeping the skin in good shape and hydrates the skin. Apply one immediately after getting out of the shower for increased absorption and hydration.

    If you have just delivered your baby, what you will need in addition is a skin firming lotion. Most of these lotions now widely available under different brand names, contain in addition to cocoa butter, collagen elastin ginseng and vitamin E. Massage this cream/lotion slowly on specific areas prone to sagging that need a special lift. This will help restore a taut and supple skin.

    Proper application is however needed or best benefits. Always make circular strokes on your thighs, upper arms and midriff when applying a skin firming lotion

    Your bustline needs extra care especially when you are feeding the baby. Bust firming creams are now available. Invest in one and start applying it as soon as you feel that your breasts are tender and enlarged.

    This will also prevent ugly stretch marks under your bustline after the baby is born as this area is ultra sensitive.

    Use a body lotion every day. This will help to ensure that your skin has a youthful glow even while it improves the skin’s elasticity.

    In addition, using a daily all-over moisturizer to improve skin's appearance and elasticity can help ensure a youthful glow. Use it both after a shower and before bedtime if you want to look after your skin.

    Follow these essential tips for skin care when pregnant, and when your baby is born, it will have tough competition from the mother where a soft, radiant skin is concerned!



    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women--A-Z Guide On Discomforts In Pregancy
    « Reply #42 on: June 27, 2008, 03:32:10 AM »
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  • Blood pressure: This will be measured at each visit and is slightly lower during pregnancy, which is about 120/70. An elevation of over 140/90 may warn of pre-eclampsia or toxaemia, which is a serious complication. You may have to be treated or just rest in bed.

    Blood Tests: A number of tests will be made from just a single sample. Your blood group will be typed and it will be determined if you have had a hepatitis infection or syphillis, or are HIV + and if you are immune to German measles. Your haemoglobin level will be assessed to see if you need extra iron and folic acid.

    Backache: This is quite common especially in the later stages. Learn to walk straight and tall. Wear flat shoes or chappals and sleep on a good firm mattress A massage with hot water towels on the back (but never on the stomach) may bring relief.

    Breathlessness: Late in pregnancy, you may find yourself huffing 'n' puffing because your womb presses harder on the lungs.
    Sit on a high, straight-backed chair. Prop yourself with pillows while you sleep. If you cannot climb a flight of stairs without gasping, mention it to your doctor.

    Constipation: It is a consequence of a sluggish bowel. It is aggravated if you're taking iron tablets and is usually relieved by mid pregnancy, but may return in the final months when your baby's head presses at the bowels. Eat plenty of high fibre food and drink lots of fluid. Two glasses of water before breakfast stimulate bowel action.

    R H Factor: If you are RH -ve and your husband is not, chances are that you'll have an RH +ve baby, whose blood is not compatible with yours. Now although both your bloodstreams are separate, some foetal blood may cross the placental barrier into your body, which treats the foetus as an invader and produces antibodies to destroy it. This defensive process is particularly strong at the time of delivery and can threaten the baby and, should you conceive again, will once again cross into the foetal bloodstream, ravaging the baby's blood cells.

    A Coombs test determines whether you have developed antibodies. If yes, you can be immunised with an injection which attacks and destroys RH +ve cells before they turn on your own production. The RH -ve immune globulin antibodies are then absorbed so that none are present in the next pregnancy.
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women-Some More Discomforts During Pregnancy
    « Reply #43 on: June 28, 2008, 06:32:27 AM »
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  • Skin changes: Skin changes include patches on the face, darkening of the nipples and the development of a dark vertical line slicing your tummy - which may never completely vanish.Silvery stretch lines invade your breasts, stomach and thighs, because of your burgeoning body. The more weight you gain, the more the marks, which cannot be prevented. Expensive creamy concoctions are of little use. However, plain coconut oil can prevent the surrounding skin from drying out.Tiny red 'spiders' also radiate on the face, neck, upper chest and arms and are caused by a high concentration of hormones. These, with the facial patches, will disappear after delivery.

    Sleeplessness: In late pregnancy, your bump, the incessant kicking from within, the urgency to visit the toilet and vague worries may keep you awake. Take a short walk, a warm shower, and a glass of warm milk before going to bed. Lie on your side. Place pillows between your legs and another one behind your back. Try yoga.

    Tingling and numbness: This may attack your hands and feet when you wake up, because there is pressure on the nerves and tendons due to lots of accumulated fluid.

    Varicose veins: You may feel a dull ache in your legs after which the veins stand out. This is because your growing womb presses hard on the arteries and veins in the lower half of the body. Circulation slows, the blood pools, the veins must work harder to return the blood to the heart. Sit rather than stand. Prop your feet on another chair. Don't cross your legs. Sleep with your feet on a cushion. Gently massage upwards to empty the swollen veins. Lie on your back, feet in the air, and circle your legs as if you were riding a bicycle. Or write imaginary alphabets with your toes.
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

    Offline fatima

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    Re: Tips for Pregnant Women------------Nutrition During Pregnancy
    « Reply #44 on: July 01, 2008, 05:04:52 AM »
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  • There is a need for proper nutrition during pregnancy, as the mother's nutritional status will affect the development of the baby. It is during the time of pregnancy, when various changes take place in the expectant mother's body, which are not just anatomical, but also physiological in nature. It is a very crucial time and it becomes all the more necessary for the mother to take care of herself and there arises a need for consuming healthy pregnancy nutrition. Read further to explore information about nutrition during pregnancy…

    Some of the changes that take place in the expectant mother and demand the need to make nutritional adjustments are:
    Fat And Energy: it is during the time of pregnancy, when fat deposits take place in the mother's body and it is this fats storage that is later utilized by the body, during lactation, for the formation of milk. Owing to this fact, the calorie requirement generally increases by 300 calories. But it also depends from person to person. An underweight mother needs to consume more calories than an overweight mother. Well, it is preferable to consult your doctor, as far as your calorie intake is concerned.
    Protein: protein is the most vital nutrient required by the body. It happens during the early and mid pregnancy stages, that protein starts getting stored in the body. And it is during the later stages of pregnancy, when the foetus is rapidly developing, that the body utilizes its protein reserves.
    Minerals: as far as the minerals are concerned, it is the calcium and phosphorus that occupy a supreme position. Calcium is vital for healthy bone and teeth formation and it is during pregnancy that the calcium needs are especially high for the healthy bone formation of the foetus.
    Iron: during pregnancy, the need for iron intake increases, as this mineral is essential for the body's development.
    Vitamin A: vitamin A is essential for carrying out several bodily functions. It helps in improving vision and maintaining the nervous equilibrium. Well, as far as the intake of vitamin A is concerned, there is a need to ensure that you've had your recommended daily vitamin intake.
    Not every heart is capable of finding the secret of God's love.

    There are not pearls in every sea; there is not gold in every mine.


                                       ------Baba Farid

     


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