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SUNDERKAND

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adwaita:
Parayana Vidhana

Method of reading

Parvathy asked: - “ Oh, God of all beings, I would very much love to know from you, the greatness of Sundara Kanda in detail.” Sri Parameshwara replied: - “I would summarize the greatness of Sundara Kanda for you, because to tell in detail, only the great Lord Ramachandra is capable. Similar to the fact that God Rama is the greatest among Devas, similar to the fact that Kalpaga tree is greatest among trees, similar to the fact that the Kousthubha gem is greatest among gems, in Ramayana, Sundara Kanda is the greatest chapter. By reading or listening to Sundara Kanda with devotion, all the wishes are fulfilled, all dangers will vanish, all diseases will be cured and all types of wealth will grow. Especially it is the greatest panacea for those who suffer from great diseases. Even diseases like tuberculosis, Leprosy and epilepsy, which cannot be cured by even divine medicines, would be cured completely by reading Sundara Kanda 68 times by the grace of Lord Ramachandra. Please hear its greatness, which I am telling you with attention.
 
Please hear, the following ancient story, which tells about the greatness of Sundara Kanda . There was a great city called Kanchipuram in the earth and once upon a time it was ruled by Chola dynasty. Among those kings, there was a great king called Vamsankara who lived with his wife Manorama, He gave very many charities and did several fire sacrifices. He was devoted to the great temple of the city, which included the great Temple of Kamakshy and Ekamranatha and the temple of Varadaraja and ruled the state with efficiency. Unfortunately he was not blessed by any children. Once coming out of the temple of Kamakshy he saw a great sage entering the temple. He worshipped that sage and when enquired introduced himself. The sage asked him, in what way he would be able to help him and the king requested him to bless him to become a father. The sage told the king, that “In your previous birth you were a saintly Brahmin who lived in Rameswaram and worshipped in the temple daily .As a result you are born as the king of this country, Unfortunately in your previous birth, you did not allow your daughter to join her husband and become a mother due to some family conflict. This is the reason why you are not able to become a father.” He then requested the king and the queen to observe strict penance, give gold and silver as charities to Brahmins, and worship Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva daily. The king and the queen followed his advice and as a result a good son was born to them. They named him Balachandra and the prince grew up as an extremely learned and able man. When he became old, the king decided to give his kingdom to his son and make him his successor and retire to the forest. Unfortunately the terrible disease of Tuberculosis afflicted Balachandra. In spite of treatment by the foremost expert doctors of the world and daily prayers the prince was not cured. When the king and queen were terribly worried and knew not what to do, the sage who had earlier blessed them with the child came again to that city. The king and the Queen fell at his feet and requested him to cure the disease of the prince. The sage told, “ In his previous birth, your son stole the materials kept ready for the worship of Rama and enjoyed life and that is why he is cursed with this disease. But later realizing his sin, he daily read Ramayana and worshipped Rama and that is why he has been born to you. I would tell you, how to get rid of the effects of that sin. ” The king thanked him and wanted to know in detail as to what should be done. The sage replied, “ Construct a decorated Yaga sala and in its middle construct a square platform. Spread a white silk cloth in that stage. On that cloth, spread six measures of Paddy and on that half the quantity of raw rice. On that keep a golden vessel made of one pound of silver full of pearls. Cover that vessel with a silk cloth. On that keep a gold plate in which the Sri Rama Yantra is drawn. Over that keep the golden statue of Sri Rama accompanied by Sita and Hanuman. Worship this statue using Rama Sahasranamavali. Then read the entire Sundara Kanda. This worship and reading should start in the early morning and end at noon. A non fading ghee lamp also should be kept burning for 68 days and the above procedure should be repeated 68 times. On each day, Payasam should be prepared and offered to God Rama. Though this is the best, completing the repetition 68 times can also be done in four months. It is best for the individual himself to read the Sundara Kanda, and it is of medium effect if it is got read by single Brahmin, and worse if it is got read by many Brahmins. After completing the above, The Yudha Kanda should be completely read either by 5 or 6 days. All the 73 days, in the evening a great scholar should retell the stories of Sundara Kanda. This would cure even diseases which Aswini Devas (Doctors of Gods) cannot cure. This also could help you win a war or even help you in getting occult powers, if your son does this, his disease would definitely get cured.” That sage then disappeared. The king performed the above worship and the prince himself read the Sundara Kanda daily and was fully cured of the disease. Hey Devi, just by reading Sundara Kanda 68 times the prince was cured of a terrible disease. There are also many others who got rid of their illness by reading Sundara Kanda. So even if one is poor or not physically able, he should observe the Vritha of Sundara Kanda and get benefited. There are also other methods of reading Sundara Kanda.

Reading 32 times This consists of reading Chapter 1 to 38 on the first day and the rest the next day. This should be repeated 32 times in 64 days
Reading 24 times This consists of reading Chapter 1-15 on the first day, 16-41 the next day and the rest of the chapters on the third day. This should be repeated 24 times in 72 days.
Reading 12 times This consists of reading Chapter 1-15 on the first day, 16-32 on the second day, 33-51 on the third day and the rest of the chapters on the fourth day. This should be repeated 12 times in 48 days.
Reading 7 times Read 7 chapters a day and complete reading on the fourteenth day and repeat it 7 times and complete the parayana in 68 days.
Reading 4 times Read ten chapters per day for the first 27 days and read the remaining 2 chapters on the 28th day
Reading two times Read eight chapters per day and complete reading twice on the seventeenth day. In all these cases on the last day, the last chapter of Yudha Kandam (131st chapter) should be read. On each day before and after the parayana boiled milk with Sugar should be offered as offering (Naivedya) to the God. On the day of completion it is desirable to give a feast to the Brahmins.
Methods for reading once.

Suppose some one is not able to follow any of the above desirable rules, he can read it any way according to his capacity. Several such methods are given below: - 1. Read the entire Sundara Kanda once in a full day. 2. Read Chapter 1-35 on the first day and the rest of the chapters next day. 3. Read Chapter 1-37 on the first day, 37-40 on the second day and the rest on the third day. 4. Read chapter 1-15 on the first day, 16-37 on the second day, 38th chapter on the third day, 39-54 on the fourth day and the rest on the fifth day. 5. Start on a Friday, daily read 9 chapters and complete reading on the next Friday. 6. Read within 9 days stopping each day on 5th, 15th, 20th, 26th, 28th, 40th, 52nd, 80th and 68th chapters. 7. Daily read 6 chapters and complete it on the 12 th day. 8. Till 22 days read two chapters a day, 5 chapters on the 23rd day, 3 chapters on the 24th day, 6 chapters on the 25th day, 3 chapters on the 26th day, 4 chapters on the 27th day and the rest 3 chapters on the 28th day. If some one is not able to follow any of the methods suggested above he can read it as per his capacity without following any rules.

Some of the specific problems, which could be solved by doing Parayana of certain chapters, are given below: -
1 Salvation can be achieved by reading the first chapter daily for six months. 2. Effect of attack of devils, ghosts, spirits can be warded off by reading 3rd chapter. 3.To get rid of dullness of brain, read 13th chapter 4.To get rid of the sin of having affair with some one else’s wife, read chapters 7-11. 5.To get permanent wealth and happiness read chapter 15. 6.To get rid of bad dreams read Chapter 27. 7.To get good behavior read chapter 20-21. 8.To rejoin with lost relatives read chapters 33-40. 9.To get rid of impending danger read chapter 36. 10.To get pardon from god for insult done to him knowingly and unknowingly read chapter 38. 11. Read chapters 42-47 to win over enemies 12.To become just and charitable read chapter 51 13. For improvement of assets like house, land etc read chapter 54. 14. To get peace and happiness read Chapter 61 15. To get perennial happiness and to attain God read chapter 67. 16.To get what one wishes read chapter 41 17. To realize God and to become one capable of sweet words read chapter 19.

It is essential to offer Naivedya to God before and after the Parayana. It would be great if at the end of the Parayana, Lord Rama, Goddess Sita and Lord Hanuman are worshipped using Sahasra Nama (1000 names). If someone is not capable of doing it, he can worship using 108 names of the God. As Naivedya boiled milk added with Sugar is supposed to be best offering to Lord Rama and Lotus and Thulasi (Ocimum) flowers are the best to worship the Lord. If not available any flower can be used. However Karavira(Arali) should never be used. Offering to God Pomegranate would bring in immense benefits .It would be better to the devotee to Chant Rama Gayathri during the beginning, Avahana and end of the worship. This is given by “Dasarathaya Vidhmahe, Sita vallabhata Dheemahi, Thanno Rama Prachodayath.” Also it is essential that after the Pooja, meditation is done using Gayathri manthra or the Shadakshari manthra of Rama viz “Ram Ramaya Nama.”. Though it is desirable to represent Rama either by Dasavarana Yanthra or statue, it would be sufficient if worship is done to the Ramayana Book. Rama with Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman always is present wherever Ramayana book is there. It is also essential that whosoever does the Parayana for getting specific objectives should observe Brahmacharya during the parayana period.” Lord Shiva after telling all this to Goddess Parvathy told her that whoever reads are listens to this book on the Sundara Kanda Phala prapthi, would become a great devotee of Lord Rama and would lead a happy painless life.

adwaita:
First Chapter
                             Dealing with crossing of the sea by Hanuman
 
 ( This chapter describes how Hanuman crossed the great ocean to reach Sri Lanka in search of Sita.On the way first the God of Ocean and Mainaka mountain respected him. Later the devas tested his capability by sending Surasa Devi to test him. After this Simhika dragged his shadow and tried to eat him. Crossing all these hurdles he reached the other shore safely)
 
     Afterwards Hanuman, the slayer of his enemies, desired to travel by the paths that the Charanas (The devas who travel in the sky) travel, to find out the place where Sita who has been abducted by Ravana. is kept in hiding..                                                           1
 
(It is clear from this sloka that our ancients knew that even in sky you have to travel by certain chartered pathways)                     
 
With a desire to perform the incomparable and difficult job, he extended his head and neck and resembled a bull.  2
 
Then the valorous, strong and wise Hanuman started traveling as he liked, similar to a lion in zest, creating terror to the birds, felling trees by his immense chest, glowing like a diamond and killing various animals in the grass, like the torrential flow of water.                                             3-4
 
Hanuman stood like an elephant calf in a forest, in the mountain, which had many special elephants and which are fit to be worshipped and endowed, possessing the natural colours of blue, red, yellow and pink, decorated by the strange reddish (laterite) stones and also thickly populated by Yakshas, Kinnaras, Gandharvas (all the three are communities of minor devas) and Devas with their families along with Pannagas who can take any form or shape they like.                                                                             5-7                               
 
That reddish vanara (monkey), saluted the Sun God, the king of devas Indra, The Wind God Vayu, The progenitor Lord Brahma and all great and holy ones and then turned to the eastern direction and saluted his own father Vayu again. He then thought of Rama and Lakshmana and offered them his prayers and bowed before all the holy rivers and the sea. After this he embraced his manes and offered pradakshina (perambulation) to them and concentrated his mind on the travel that he intended to make.                         8-10     
 
(As soon as he was born to Anjana Hanuman felt very hungry. He was told by his mother to eat any fruit, which is red. He jumped towards the Sun in the dawn, who complained to Indra about this attack. Indra hit baby Hanuman with his Vajarayudha who fell down. His father the Wind God went in hiding creating a crisis in the world. Then the devas led by Brahma blessed the baby Hanuman and gave him several boons.)
 
Being blessed by all vanaras assembled there with a wish made by them for his safe return journey, he stood facing the path in which the wind travels.                            11
 
He stood facing the south and started growing in his physical stature, after requesting the other monkeys to wait for him in the same place.                                                    12
 
Being watched by the great and elderly monkeys, Hanuman who is the greatest among those who can jump and cross, grew like the ocean in high tide for completing the work of Rama.                                                                                                                      13
 
With his forelegs extended, he with an enormous stature stood facing Sree Lanka, with a wish to jump and cross the sea and pressed the mountain by his fore legs.                  14   
 
The mountain in spite of this pressure was stable but tottered for a few minutes. As a result the trees shook and flowers of different colours were strewn all over the mountain.                           
                                                                                                                                         15
 
Strewn by the thick flower clusters all over, the mountain was covered fully by flowers. It  appeared more like a mountain of flowers.                                                               16
 
Pressed heavily by the strong Hanuman, The Mahendra Mountain resembled an elephant in heat and water flowed out of it.                                                                                  17
 
Pressed by the great Hero Hanuman, that mountain  revealed deposits of Gold, Mica and silver through the openings and sparkled.                                                                     18
 
Not only that but also that mountain which had lot of laterite stones, threw out medium size fire flames all over and pushed out dense smoke.                                             19
 
Because of the pressure exerted by the Vanara, the animals, which lived in the caves, were pressed and made sad and painful sounds.                                                       20
 
That horrendous noise made by the big animals spread in all directions all over the world and also in gardens through out.                                                                                     21
 
Snakes with shining white Swastika marked hoods spit out poison from their mouth and hit at the stones with their poisonous teeth.                                                                   22
 
Stuck by the angry and poisonous snakes those big stones burnt as if they were on fire and broke in to thousands of pieces.                                                                        23
 
Those herbs in the mountain, which were supposed to cure the poison bite of the snakes, were not able to remove the poison from the mountain  itself.                                  24
 
Some of the snakes with big body were spitting fire and came out from the caves and were trampled by Hanuman’s feet.                                                                           25
 
Trampled heavily those trees of the mountain with new growths, gave out a smell of sandal, and gave rise to a rain of flowers.                                                              26
 
Those stones of the mountain, which were deep red, yellow and light red broke in to pieces and were strewn all over.                                                                            27
 
With the colour of reddish sandal and with ochre coloured deposits that mountain shone like a fire and was broken.                                                                                    28
 
Vidhyadaras (demi gods who wear garland and live in the sky) who had brought golden vessels to drink alcoholic drinks left behind the costly vessels and mugs, various types of flavored and cooked meat, shields made of the hide of a bull and swords with golden handles and rose up along with their women folk thinking that the mountain is being broken along with sages occupying it.                                                           29-31                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                             
Not only that, some other Vidhyadharas who wore garlands in their neck and who had eyes like white lotus and some others who were intoxicated and also who were decorated by red paste and red garlands and red eyes reached the sky.                                      32
 
Their ladies who wore   chains, armlets, shoulder bangles, stood  with a smiling face along with their lovers, in the sky.                                                                                   33
 
Empowered by the manthras that they knew these Vidhyadharas and sages were able to float in the sky and watch the mountain.                                                                   34
 
Others heard the following words  spoken by those great sages, the demi gods Charanas and  saints of great reputation,                                                                                    35
 
“The very strong Hanuman who is the son of  wind God Vayu who is as big as a mountain is going to cross the sky like the sharks cross the ocean.”                           36
 
“For the sake of Lord Rama, and for the sake of his monkey friends, he is attempting to the impossible job of crossing the ocean. “                                                                 37
 
The Vidhyadharas who heard these words of  the sages stood in the sky and watched Hanuman who had an  enormous form.                                                                      38
 
Hanuman who was like a small mountain shook his body, shed some of the hair from his body and like a big cloud made a very loud trumpeting sound.                                      39
 
Making up his mind to jump to a great height, Hanuman rotated his big round tail, which is covered by hair all over,  like a eagle rotating a snake.                                                 40
 
Swiftly being rotated behind him , his thick tail, resembled an enormous snake being drawn hither and thither by Lord Garuda. (Eagle  on whom Lord Vishnu rides)           41
 
Hanuman stood stiff with his forelegs, which resembled  huge iron pillars, made his belly as small as possible and readied his hind legs for a big jump.                                     42
 
That great Hero, shortened his arms and neck and increased his virility, stature and power to the maximum extent possible.                                                                                   43
 
Looking above, staring  afar and staring  in to the sky he controlled his breath for the big jump.                                                                                                                              44
 
Standing firm on his two legs, extending his ears to catch all the sound , making up his mind  to travel  fast in the sky,  that Great monkey  who is very strong,  faced the other monkeys and spoke to them as follows.                                                                           45
 
“I would travel to Sri Lanka which is protected by Ravana like  the holy arrow sent by Lord Rama with the speed of  the torrential wind.”                                                          46
 
“If I am not able to find Sita in Sri Lanka, I would then go to the heavens with the same speed.”                                                                                                                              47
 
“If I am not able to locate her there also, with great ease , I will tie Ravana and bring him here.”                                                                                                                                48
 
“Whatever may happen, I would return after fulfilling the task and return  along with Sita and if not I would bring the whole Sri Lanka along with Ravana.”                              49
 
After talking like to this to the other monkeys, the great monkey Hanuman, without any worry and with great speed resembling that of Garuda, rose up in the sky.              50

adwaita:
When he rose up in the sky, the trees in that mountain along  with their branches  also rose along with him.                                                                                             51
 
Along with him , he took away flower-laden trees  with white fat  cranes using  the speed of his thighs  and traveled in the clear paths of the sky.                                               52
 
Those trees which traveled along with him by the speed of his thighs, returned back after some time like the relatives who go with the guests and return after some time after the send off.                                                                                                                             53
 
Those sala (possibly pine trees) trees which rose to the sky by the speed of the thigh of Hanuman accompanied him like the soldiers who accompany their king.                        54
 
Surrounded by many types of fully flower-laden trees, the mountain like Hanuman was looking surprisingly wonderful.                                                                                     55
 
Those well mature trees fell in the sea like the mountains slain by Indra[3] and drowned deep.                                                                                                                                 56         
 
Hanuman who was similar to a cloud and  looked like a mountain surrounded by different type of flowers, buds , tender leaves and fire flies.                                                        57
 
Those trees along with  heaps of  flowers from them which were uprooted by the speed of the thighs of Hanuman returned back to the water like the friends after a send off.        58                                                             
 
The multi coloured  and different kinds of flowers   which were light by nature which fell of due to the fast movement of Hanuman, fell in to the sea.                                            59
 
Because of them the great sea glittered  like a sky full of stars                                        60
 
In addition , decorated by the series of multi coloured mountains which were falling behind, Hanuman looked like a streak of lightning in front of clouds which travel at a great height.                                                                                                                     61
 
Strewn by the great speed of Hanuman the flowers which fell on the water looked like the sky strewn with millions of stars.                                                                                     62
 
The great storm  generated by his travel  attracted greatly the clouds, which were shining once in a while due to lightning.                                                                                      63
 
The sky with clouds which were rising high, and the water filled ocean moving by tides of great speed looked alike.                                                                                              64
 
Pointing high towards the sky, those two hands of Hanuman looked similar to two five headed snakes coming out of the peak of mountains.                                                    65
 
That great monkey appeared as if he was preparing to drink the great ocean full of high tides and also as if he was wishing to drink the sky also.                                            66
( since he was moving up and down, it appeared at one moment that he was trying to drink the sea and at another moment the sky)
 
The two eyes of Hanuman who was traveling in the sky  appeared as if they were shining like two mountain fires at two different points.                                                              67
 
The two big yellow eyes of the chief of the monkey , shined like the moon and sun in the solar system.                                                                                                                    68
 
His face which appeared reddish by his large red nose, looked similar to the sky with a red setting sun.                                                                                                               69
 
His tails, which were held aloft in the sky, looked like Indra’s flag held aloft in the sky.
                                                                                                                                       70       
 
With his white sparkling teeth ,the famous and wise son of Wind god in the round created by his tail,  looked similar to the sun framed by his halo.                                            71
 
His reddish behind appeared as if it is a reddish laterite split mountain.                       72
 
The wind passing through the armpits of the monkey who was crossing the sea made thunderous swooshing sound made by the clouds.                                                        73
 
That monkey hero appeared like a comet with a tail traveling through the sky.              74
(This was a bad omen to the people of Sri Lanka)
 
The great statured monkey who was equal to the rising sun shined  with his waistcloth like an elephant.                                                                                                         75
 
With his great body floating in the sky and its reflection in the depths of the ocean, the monkey looked like a ship being driven by the wind.                                                76
 
Whichever part of the atmosphere he traveled , that portion appeared greatly agitated by the speed of his body.                                                                                                 77
 
That monkey who was traveling with great speed  was beating away the high tides of the sea by his immense chest.                                                                                                78
 
The speed of the wind generated by the moving monkey as well as the moving clouds twisted the sea greatly. By their great sounds.                                                             79                       
 
That monkey who was dragging with him the great tides of the salty sea, traveled as if he was separating the land and the sky.                                                                             80
 
Moving with immense speed and crossing the mountain(resembling the mount Meru) like high tides he appeared as if he was counting  those tides while  crossing them.             81
 
The seawater thrown towards the clouds by the monkey traveling at great speed mixed with the clouds and appeared like clouds of the autumn.                                            82
 
Those whales, crocodiles, fishes and tortoise which appeared above the water looked like human limbs when the cloths was removed from them.                                               83
 
At that time the big snakes living in the sea seeing the flying chief of monkeys mistook him to be ,Garuda the eagle.                                                                                            84
 
His shade ,which was ten yojanas[4] broad and thirty yojanas long ,appeared pretty over the water.                                                                                                                               85
 
Broadly placed over the sea his shadow in the water appeared as if it was a  were a huge crowd of fish following him .                                                                                          86
 
Hanuman who was very powerful , very huge  and a great monkey appeared as if he was a winged mountain floating in the sky without any support.                                           87
 
That monkey who was very powerful  caused the sea to look like a mountain pass  because of the high speed he was traveling in his path.                                                 88
(because of his great speed the water parted below him and was like a mountain pass)
 
He traveled like the king of birds through the route in which the birds flew and appeared as if a fast moving wind was dragging the clouds.                                                        89
 
The huge clouds attracted by the monkey shined with colours of white, red , blue and yellow .                                                                                                                  90
 
He appeared as if he was a moon which is traveling through  the cloud being hid at times and being seen at times.                                                                                                    91
 
The Devas, gandarwas  and Danavas[5] rained flowers on the fast flying monkey.            92
 
Then as if to aid the work of Lord Rama, the sun did not scorch him  and the wind made a pleasant atmosphere round him.                                                                                       93
 
The sages praised the monkey who was traveling with great speed and also the Devas and Gandharvas  sang in praise of the great one.                                                                   94
 
Seeing the monkey did not appear tired by his exertions, Rakshasas and Nagas, Yakshas and devas praised him with glee.                                                                                       95
 
When the great monkey was traveling thus the God of the ocean thought of methods of honoring the descendent of Ikshu Vaku.                                                                            96
(One of the well-known forefathers of Lord Rama)
 
He thought that if he did not help Lord Hanuman in his effort all those who can talk would speak ill of him.                                                                                                97
 
Since the Sagara kings belonging to the Ikshu Vaku clan raised him and Hanuman was helping their descendent , The God of Ocean thought that Hanuman should not get tired.
                                                                                                                                        98                                                                                                                                       
( Bhageeratha one of the forefathers of Lord Rama brought water from the head of Lord Siva to the dried up sea so that Bhageeratha’s  ancestors should get salvation from their sins and thus filled up the sea)
 
He thought that he should take suitable action, which would refresh  Hanuman and also provide him with rest so that he can cross the remaining distance easily.                    99
 
Thinking properly like this,  the God of the ocean spoke to the mountain Hiranya Nabha(Golden bellied) also called as Mainaka (son of Mena)who was hiding within him.                         
                                                                                                                                       100                                                                 
(He was the son of Himalayas and his queen Mena)

adwaita:
“Hey1 mountain chief, you have been appointed over here to monitor the entry of Asuras living in Patala[6] by Indra, the king of Devas”.                                                          101
 
“You are standing  here closing the way to prevent them from  come up  by  those powerful ones living in the vast Patala “.                                                                102
 
“Oh! Mountain , only you have the power to grow sideways and also bottom to the  top. Hey, mountain chief, it is because of this I have come here to speak to you, please get up.”                                                                                                                               103
 
“This monkey chief Hanuman is flying in the sky with great valor for doing a dangerous errand to Lord Sri Rama. He is now going to come  just above you”.                       104
 
“ I need to help him for all the descendents of Ikshu Vaku are worth worshipping by me and  therefore they are fit to be worshipped by you also.”                                         105
 
“We have to do good  and we should not leave it undone for duties  performed at the correct time brings bad name to good people. “                                                   106
 
“ Raise up above the water level and let the great monkey who is our guest who is fit to be worshipped stand on you for some time.”                                                              107
 
“Oh mountain with golden peaks, which are served by devas and Gandharvas., let Hanuman take rest on you and go refreshed  his remaining way”.                          108
 
“You should know the good qualities of Lord Rama, the parting pangs of his wife Sita and also tiredness of Lord Hanuman, and try to raise up fast.”                                      109
 
The Mainake Mountain which was full of forests, climbers and golden peaks listening to the words of the ocean rose up fast.                                                                               110
 
That Mainaka Mountain which was rising very high looked like the glittering Sun God with his rays coming out piercing a thick cloud.                                                           111
 
That mountain which had great fame, ordered to thus by the God of ocean within a very short time exhibited its peaks outside the water.                                                           112
 
Those peaks which were golden, pointed and very great ,resembled the rising Sun God and appeared as if  they  were rubbing the sky, and the deep blue sky tinted by the sparkling golden peaks looked as if it has become golden in colour.                    113-114
 
The mountain which had  several peaks of  innate glitter  and of sparkling gold colour resembled hundreds of Suns.                                                                                       115
 
Rising above by itself in the middle of  salty ocean and standing in front of him, Hanuman thought that it was an obstacle.                                                                   116
 
That fast moving monkey chief easily brushed  off  its  tall peaks as if wind brushes of  the cloud.                                                                                                                       117
 
That mountain which was pushed aside by the monkey, was astonished by his strength and also became happy because of it.                                                                          118
 
That mountain which stood tall in the sky, became happy and took a human form, stood on his own peak and said as follows to the valorous monkey:-                                   119
 
“Hey great monkey you have done some thing which other people cannot do.”        120
 
“Please get down on to my peaks and relax.”                                                               121
 
“The ocean was remade by the ancestors of Lord Rama, and the Ocean God worships you who is engaged in the job of helping Rama as an act of gratefulness.”                         122
 
“We always have to repay, the good done to us. This is the perennial duty of our religion. So he wants to help you and make you beholden to him.”                                123
 
“He requested me with respect to provide a resting place to you in my pleasant valley so that you need not jump at a stretch the one hundred yojanas and then easily jump the rest of the way. And so hey,  great monkey you please stay on me for some time, take rest and then proceed.  “                                                                                                      124-125
 
“Hey monkey chief, savour the very tasty roots and fruits lovingly offered by the God of Ocean , and you can proceed very much refreshed soon.”                                            126
 
“ Hey monkey chief, you know that receiving and showering hospitality on good people is a blessed act in all the three worlds and apart from that,  you do have another connection with me.”                                                                                                   127
 
“Hey monkey chief, I consider you the greatest among all those monkeys who can move fast and jump very high.”                                                                                           128
 
“It is well known that those  learned ones who desire to perform right full acts , that even if a guest is not a great one he is fit to be  worshipped. Then what to say when the guest happens to be a great person like you.”                                                                    129
 
“Hey great monkey, you are the son of Vayu (the wind god) who is great among the devas and equal in speed to him.                                                                             130
 
“Hey holy one, if you are worshipped the Wind God receives it himself and please also hear about another reason why you are fit to be worshipped by me,”                       131
 
“Hey son, during Krutha Yuga Mountains also had wings and they were traveling to all places like Wind and Garuda.”                                                                                    132
 
“Because the mountains were traveling all over the great sages  and society of devas who were with them as well as all living beings, were terror struck because of the fear that these mountains may fall on them.”                                                                            133
 
“Because of this reason, Devendra who had done one hundred fire sacrifices, became enraged and starting to cut the wings of the mountains in to pieces in different places using his Vajrayudha[7] (Diamond equipment literally). “                                     134
 
“That angry Devendra intent on cutting my wings neared me  but the great wind god blew me away fast from that place. “                                                                          135
 
“Your father pushed me inside this salt sea without any harm coming to my wings and thus,  I alone was saved.”                                                                                              136
 
“And so I worship you because  I should have worshipped  the God of wind. And Monkey chief , you know that this connection  between both of us is really great.”      137
 
“And so Monkey chief , because of this accept the hospitality provided by me and the Ocean God and bless us.”                                                                                        138
 
“Hey chief of monkeys, relax and take rest and accept our worship, and also accept our love. and I have become happy by meeting with you. “                                         139
 
Thus told by the great mountain the great monkey said” I am pleased with your hospitality. You have provided all the hospitality to me and I have accepted it.” 140
 
“The time for performance of my duty is getting over and also the day light hours are nearing to an end. Apart from this I have given my word that I will not tarry in between doing this great work.”                                                                                               141
(See the 46th stanza of this chapter)
 
Thus telling the valorous monkey chief  Hanuman patted the mountain on its peaks and with a smile re entered the sky and recommenced his journey.                                   142
 
That monkey who was the son of wind God was seen off  with respect by the mountain as well as the ocean and was worshipped by them by suitable wishes.                            143
 
After this he left the mountain and ocean and traveled high and started to go forward by the path of his father and started traveling in the clear sky.                                        144
 
The son of Wind God further rose up and moving in the right direction and started traveling without any support in the clear sky.                                                   145             
 
Witnessing this almost impossible second act being performed, all Sidhas, devas and sages appreciated him.                                                                                          146
 
Seeing the great act of the golden peaked Mainaka mountain, all the devas and Devendra who were there in the sky, became extremely happy.                                          147
 
The great Indra with his ebbing happiness and with stuttering voice due to that  told the following words  to Mainaka ,the mountain chief.                                                    148
 
“ Hey golden peaked king of the mountains, I have become very pleased with you.”     149
 
“Hey , pleasant one I have given you my protection.”                                              150

adwaita:
“You have provided help in the right time to valorous Hanuman who is fearless even when there was a need to be afraid.“                                                                              151
 
“This monkey is going in the service of Lord Rama who is the son of Dasaratha and because of your hospitality to him, I am extremely pleased. “                                       152
 
Because of these words, the mountain chief understood that even Indra the king of devas was pleased with him and became very happy.                                                          153
 
Thus the mountain chief stood there firmly and Hanuman was moving extremely fast over the ocean.                                                                                                         154
 
At that time the devas ,gandarwas , siddhas and the great sages seeing the fast moving monkey chief in the sky, told Surasa the mother of Nagas (serpents) who had the splendor of the Sun thus.                                                                                                              155
 
.”This great Hanuman who is the son of the god of Wind is flying over the sea. Please take a ferocious rakshasa form which touches the sea, which is like mountain and  with red eyes and vampire like teeth and delay his progress.”                                      156-157
 
“ We want to know (test)  for the second time,  his strength and virility and also would like to see whether he will win you over by trick or become dejected.”                      158
(though they had an inkling of this from his behavior with Mount Mainaka, they wanted to reconfirm)
 
Thus requested and respected by the devas, Surasa devi took an unusual ugly fear creating form which is more suitable to the rakshasas  and stood in the middle of the sea and neared Hanuman and spoke to him thus:-                                                   159-160
 
“Hey monkey, you have been allotted as food to me by the devas and so I am going to eat you. Enter my open mouth.”                                                                                         161
 
Thus spoken to the great Hanuman,  saluting her and with a pleasant face spoke to her thus:-                                                                                                                              162
 
“Rama the son of Dasaratha came to the Dandakaranya forest along with his brother Lakshmana and his wife Sita and was living there.”                                                    163
 
“He earned the enmity of Rakshasas and when he was otherwise engaged, Ravana abducted his wife the renowned Sita.”                                                                       164
 
“As per the orders of Rama I am going as an emissary in search of her. You who are a citizen in the kingdom of Rama are  also  bound to help him out.”                             165
 
“Or else I promise you that after seeing Sita and also Rama who is very  much worried, I would come to you and reach your mouth.”                                                                    166
 
Thus requested by Hanuman, Surasa Devi who could take any form she wished , said to him” None can cross me and this is a boon given to me by the devas.”                     167
 
With a desire to know the strength of Hanuman, Surasa Devi the mother of Nagas further said” You can only go from here after entering my mouth. This is a boon given to me by Lord Brahma. “Saying this she enlarged the size of her mouth greatly opened it wide and stood before him.                                                                                        168-169
 
Angered by the words of Surasa, Hanuman told her “ Make your mouth suitably big so that you can swallow me.”                                                                                      170
 
Telling her thus, Hanuman became ten Yojanas big as Surasa was at that time ten yojanas big.                                                                                                                             171
 
Observing that he has grown to ten Yojanas Surasa enlarged her mouth to twenty yojanas.                                                                                                                      172
 
The very intelligent Hanuman seeing that she has opened her mouth to twenty yojanas, became angry and took up the form of thirty yojanas.                                              173
 
Seeing this Surasa made her mouth forty yojanas wide.                                          174
 
The valorous Hanuman became fifty yojanas big.                                                 175
 
Surasa made her mouth sixty yojanas wide and Hanuman became seventy yojanas big.     
                                                                                                                                  176
Surasa made her mouth eighty yojanas wide.                                                           177
 
The mountain like Hanuman made himself ninety yojanas big.                                178
 
Surasa Devi made her mouth one hundred yojanas wide.                                          179
 
Very intelligent and wise Hanuman seeing the wide open mouth of Surasa with protruding toungue , very fearful and similar to hell, instead of increasing his size further, started reducing himself fast and like a wind driven cloud became as big as a thumb.                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                 180-181
 
With great speed, the great one  entered  her mouth and suddenly came out and standing in the sky itself  told the following words:-                                                               182
 
“Hey  Dakshayani(daughter of Daksha) my salutations to you. I have entered your mouth and so taking this as the truth, allow me to go to the place where Sita lives.”            183
(These words bring out the fact that Hanuman knew about her divine origin. This also is indicated by the fact that he saluted her-see Stanza 162)
 
Seeing Hanuman like the moon which has come out of the mouth of Rahu, Surasa took her real form and told him, “ Hey, son, Her monkey chief, Let you have a pleasant journey and let your  errand be successful.. Please become happy after reuniting Rama and Sita.”                                                                                                          184-185
 
All beings witnessing the third and impossible task of Hanuman and  praised the monkey chief and said “Great, great.”                                                                                    186
 
Equivalent in speed to Garuda , he left the sea which is the abode of  Varuna and which was very difficult to cross, and rose above to the sky and traveled further.                  187
( Some commentators believe that Hanuman descended in to the sea, took bath and rose up, because he entered the mouth of Surasa.
 
Hanuman then traveled like Garuda in the sky which is served by the rain drops, in which the birds live, peopled by Gandharwas like Thuumburu[8] who sing ragas like kaisika, in which rainbows exist, in which aero planes which  travel high on vehicles such as lion, elephant, tiger, birds snake and crocodile exist, which is well decorated, which is being lit by  fire of Vajrayudha , thunder and lightning, Which is populated by people who do good deeds and those great ones who have won over heavens,  Which is being constantly served by Agni the fire God who is being fed by the portions to be given to devas, Which is full with Sun, moon, planets and stars. Which is filled by sages, Yakshas, Gandarwas and Nagas, Which is really great, which is very clear, which is full, In which Viswavasu the king of Gandarwas travels, in which the elephant of Devendra travels, Which is the way of Sun and the moon, which does always good, Which is the roof constructed by Lord Brahma for all living beings and  Which is populated by great valorous vidhyadaras.
                                                                                                                            188-194
 
Like the wind he also dragged the clouds with him.                                                195
 
Attracted by the monkey chief the clouds shined in black and also red, yellow and white
colours.                                                                                                                    196
 
That monkey  who was entering and coming out of the clouds looked like the moon of the rainy season which is completely invisible and visible at different times.              197
 
Hanuman the Son of God of wind, looked like a winged mountain visible from all places in the support less sky.                                                                                               198
 
A Rakshasi(ogress) called Simhika who can assume any form she likes saw the fast moving  Hanuman and thought in her mind thus.                                                  199
 
“ In the very long time which has past , only today I am going to eat proper and sufficient food for after a long time an animal of this size has come my way.”                      200

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